Directorate of Animal Resources and Animal Health
The Directorate of Animal Resources and Animal Health was formed as per the guidelines of the Dr. Biplab Dasgupta committee in May 1995. The motive behind the merger of the two erstwhile directorates (a) Directorate of Animal Resources and (b) Directorate of Animal Health, was to provide integrated Services on animal resources for development and health care upto the grassroot level from one composite establishment. The integrated Animal Husbandry and Animal Health related services are mainly rendered through the set up of the Deputy Directors in all the districts and the Block Livestock Development Offices in all the blocks of West Bengal. The role of this directorate is of immense importance for the socio-economic upliftment of the rural poor as its activities target to accelerate the hope of alternative/supplementary occupation for the small marginal farmers, physically challenged landless labourers, women and the unemployed in general. Backyard animal husbandry activities by the rural poor women also enable them to financial independence which gradually leads to their empowerment to, apart from fulfilling the nutritional requirements of their families. Apart from all these, the produce and activities of this sector target to meet the even increasing demand for meat, milk egg and other value added products.
The statewise elaborate network of 2652 ADAC (Animal Development Aid Centres), 271 ABAHC (Additional Block Animal Health Centres), 339 BAHC (Block Animal Health Centres), 92 SAHC (State Animal Health Centres), 14 District Veterinary Hospitals and 4 Polyclinics along with frequently organized health camps all over the State together provide required “Health Care” facilities to the livestock population in general. In addition to this, other necessary technical assistance is provided by the IAH & VB (Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologicals), the District Diseases Diagnostic Laboratories and the five RDDL (Regional Diseases Diagnostic Laboratories) as well as ERDDL to look after disease diagnostics, facilitate physical surveillance for prevention, control and containment of epidemics & highly pathogenic diseases. Essential vaccines for prevention of critical animal diseases are being produced by the IAH & VB.
The Directorate is required to implement schemes/programme under State Plan and Centrally Sponsored Schemes for (i) development and genetic upgradation of animal resources, (ii) extensive breeding and rearing of small ruminants, pigs, cattle and poultry as livelihood related activity in the backyard, (iii) entrepreneurship development in animal husbandry, (iv) conservation and breeding of threatened breeds, (v) mass awareness, sensitization and training in modern and bio-secure farm management and preventive vaccination/medication, (vi) health camps and immunization programme for preventive vaccination/medication and supportive mineral mixture, vitamins etc. to mitigate deficiencies; (vii) distribution of mini-kits for fodder cultivation as inter-cropping or on sparable land or in the backyard, (viii) rearing and breeding of Black Bengal Goat, Garole and Bonpala Sheep, Ghungroo, Yorkshire Pigs and cattle, Poultry Birds, Duck, Rabbit, Quail etc. in the State Livestock Farms for distribution under various livelihood related schemes and conservation of threatened breeds etc.
In the district level the Panchayati Raj Institution act as implementing agencies of the schemes and programmes undertaken by the Directorate as per the instructions of the Matsyah-o-prani Sampad Sthayi Samity of the concerned Panchayat Samity or Zilla Parishad.
(1) Animal Health Camp/Infertility Camp and Farmer’s Awareness programme etc. (2) Minority development through ARD programme (3) Women’s development through poultry and small animal development programme (4) Manpower development/Training of Farmers (5) Fodder development (6) Financial Assistance to Beneficiaries and entrepreneurship development are the main components of the activities of the Directorate implemented through the PRIS. As per the necessary percentages the fund provision under each activity is apportioned for SC & ST categories.
As various injections of highly pathogenic and zoonotic diseases have far reaching effects on the animal husbandry sector and adversely hits the economy dependent on it, one of the most vital functions of the Directorate to overcome the above mentioned hazards is “Surveillance” and “preparedness” for prevention containment and combat activities. In case of Bird Flu, Anthrax interstate liaison and cross border co-ordination through Govt. of India and FAO (Food & Agriculture organization).
Livestock census every five years is another vital activity of the directorate. The last census was held in 2007 and the next is due in 2012. By assessing the animal and bird population and the products of these sectors, it provides national as well as state planners with the key indicators for project formulation and impact assessment for requisite interventions.
The Directorate also implements various Centrally Sponsored Schemes – (i) RKVY, (ii) Assistance to State for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD), (iii) Assistance to State Poultry/Duck Farms, (iv) Development of Rural Backyard Poultry Farms, (v) FMD/PPR Controlled Programme and Vaccination, (vi) Fodder Development & Distribution of Minikits, (vii) Livestock Census, (viii) Conservation & Breeding of Threatened Breeds, (ix) Eastern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, (x) Prevention, Control, Containment & Combat of Avian Influenza. The funding under these programmes is in various percentages, e.g. 100%, 70:30, 50:50 etc.
The Directorate maintains quite a number of State Farms to facilitate promotion of activities in the Animal Husbandry Sector as well as conservation and breeding of the ‘Threatened Breeds’. These farms-are located mainly at Haringhata in Nadia and Salboni in Paschim Medinipur other than the District Level Farms maintained in each district.
1. Fodder Farm:
(i) Haringhata Farm (Main & North), (ii) Kalyani Farm, naiad, (iii) Fulia Fodder Farm, Nadia, (iv)Salboni Fodder Farm -1 & 2, Paschim Medinipur, (v) Beldanga Fodder Farm, Murshidabad, (vi) Kotalpur Fodder Farm, Bankura, (vii) Ranjitpur Farm, Bankura, (viii) Lokepur Farm, Bankura, (ix) Baligori Fodder Farm, Hooghly, (x) Katwa Fodder Farm, Burdwan, (xi) Rasulpur, Fodder Farm, Burdwan, (xii) Jhatiakhali Farm, Jalpaiguri, (xiii) Pedong Fodder Farm, Darjeeling, (xiv) Dungra Fodder Farm, Darjeeling.
(ii) State Poultry Farm, Tollygunge, Kolkata, (ii) State Poultry Farm, Nimpith, South-24-Parganas, (iii) State Poultry Farm, Kakdwip, South-24-Parganas, (iv) State Poultry Farm, Gobardanga, North-24-Parganas, (v) State Poultry Farm, Ranaghat, Nadia, (vi) State Poultry Farm, Krishnagar, Nadia, (vii)State Poultry Farm, Haringhata, Nadia, (viii) State Livestock Farm, Kalyani, Nadia, (ix) DCF, Domkol, Murshidabad, (x) State Poultry Farm, Berhampore, Murshidabad, (xi) State Poultry Farm, Malda, (xii) SDBF, Raiganj, Uttar Dinajpur, (xiii) SDPF, Cooch Behar, (xiv) State Poultry Farm, Balurghat, Dakshin Dinajpur, (xv) State Poultry Farm, Mohitnagar, Jalpaiguri, (xvi) PMC, Kurseong, Darjeeling, (xvii) DCF, Purulia, (xviii) SDPF, Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, (xix) DCF, Contai, Purba Medinipur, (xx) SDPF, Bankura, (xxi) DCF, Suri, Birbhum, (xxii) State Poultry Farm, Durgapur, Burdwan, (xxiii) State Poultry Farm, Golapbag, Rajbati, Burdwan, (xxiv) DCF, Burdwan, (xxv) DCF, Baligori, Hooghly, (xxvi) DCF, Kantapukur, Howrah.
(i) Sheep Breeding Farm, Kalyani, Nadia, (ii) Sheep Farm, Lokpur, Bankura, (iii) Sheep Extension Centre, Ranjitpur, Bankura, (iv) Sheep Breeding Farm (Garole Sheep), Kalyani, Nadia.
(i) Goat Farm, SBF, Kalyani, Nadia.
(ii) Goat Farm, CSCS, Bishnupur, Bankura.
(iii) Goat Farm, SLF, Kalyani, Nadia.
(iv) Goat Farm, Haringhata, Nadia.
(v) Goat (Black Bengal) Farm, Kotulpur, Bankura.
(vi) Goat Farm, Baramullah, Suri, Birbhum.
(i) State Livestock Farm, Kalyani, Nadia.
(ii) AICRPC, Haringhata Farm, Nadia.
(iii) Unit 15/16, Haringhata Farm, Nadia (Rearing Unit).
(iv) Cattle Section, Haringhata Farm, Nadia.
(v) E.C.B.F., Salboni, Paschim Medinipur.
(vi) Dairy D.F., St. Mary’s Darjeeling.
(vii) D.C.F., Santaldih, Purulia.
(viii) State Livestock Farm, Suri, Birbhum.
(ix) State Livestock Farm, Ranjitpur, Bankura.
BOARD OF VETERINARY EDUCATION
The West Bengal Board of Veterinary Education functions under the Directorate. The 2-Year Diploma Course in Veterinary Pharmacy and 1-Year Certificate Course in Prani Sampad Bikash Prashikhan are conducted by this Board.
1) The minimum eligibility for admission in Two Years Diploma Course in Veterinary Pharmacy is passed Higher Secondary (10+2) Exam. of W.B.C.H.S.E. or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects. The total seats are 30(thirty). The maximum age eligibility is 27 years for General, 30 years for SC & ST candidate. The course is running at Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologicals, 37, Belgachia Road, Kolkata – 37.
2) The minimum eligibility for admission in One Year Certificate Course in Prani Sampad Bikash Prasikhan is passed Madhyamik Exam. of W.B.B.S.E. or its equivalent. The total seats are 60(sixty). The maximum age eligibility is 30 years for General & OBC, 33 years for SC & ST candidate. The course is running at Training Institute, ARD, Paschim Midnapur.
The Directorate of Animal Resources and Animal Health has implemented the following Livestock Development Programme during the year 2010-2011, through the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
1) Cattle and Buffalo Development Scheme;
2) Poultry Development;
3) Other Livestock Development i.e. Piggery, Sheep, Goat, Rabbit etc.;
4) Feed and Fodder Development;
5) Animal Health Coverage;
6) Financial Assistance through Subsidy and Margin Money to Self-Help-Groups/Co-operative Societies;
7) Distribution of chicks among women Self-Help-Groups;
8) Extension and Training;
9) Publicity and Awareness Programme;
10) Special Component Plan for S.C. & Tribal Area Sub-Plan;
11) Development and Management of different Government Farms.
12) Livestock/Poultry Development under RKVY.
13) Infrastructure Development under RIDF.